Distributed Computing

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Distributed computing

Distributed system, distributed computing Early computing was performed on a single processor. Uni-processor computing can be called centralized computing.  A distributed system is a collection of independent computers, interconnected via a network, capable of collaborating on a task.  Distributed computing is computing performed in a distributed system. 

What is Distributed Computing? 

Distributed Computing is… “A type of computing in which different components and objects comprising an application can be located on different computers connected to a network.”

Internet-based distributed computing model

Distributed Systems w o rk s t a t io n s

a lo c a l n e t w o r k

T h e In te rn e t

a n e tw o rk h o s t


Distributed Computing CORBA, DCOM, RMI

Structured Programming

Object-Oriented Programming

World Wide Web

C++, C#, Java


Examples of Distributed systems Network of workstations (NOW): a group of networked personal workstations connected to one or more server machines.  The Internet  An intranet: a network of computers and workstations within an organization, segregated from the Internet via a protective device (a firewall). 

Computers in a Distributed System Workstations: computers used by end-users to perform computing  Server machines: computers which provide resources and services  Personal Assistance Devices: handheld computers connected to the system via a wireless communication link. 

Centralized vs. Distributed Computing t e r m in a l

m a in f r a m e c o m p u t e r

w o r k s t a t io n

n e t w o r k lin k

n e tw o rk h o s t c e n t r a liz e d c o m p u tin g d is tr ib u t e d c o m p u tin g

Why distributed computing? Economics: distributed systems allow the pooling of resources, including CPU cycles, data storage, input/output devices, and services.  Reliability: a distributed system allow replication of resources and/or services, thus reducing service outage due to failures.  The Internet has become a universal platform for distributed computing. 

The Importance of Distributed Computing        

Higher performance Collaboration Higher reliability and availability Scalability Extensibility Higher productivity & lower development cycle time Reuse Reduced cost

The Weaknesses and Strengths of Distributed Computing In any form of computing, there is always a tradeoff in advantages and disadvantages Reasons for the popularity of distributed computing :  The affordability of computers and availability of network access  Resource sharing  Scalability  Fault Tolerance

The Weaknesses and Strengths of Distributed Computing The disadvantages of distributed computing:  Multiple Points of Failures: the failure of one or more participating computers, or one or more network links, can spell trouble.  Security Concerns: In a distributed system, there are more opportunities for unauthorized attack.

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